Old Joe, Gainesville, Georgia


Old Joe — Confederate Monument. Photograph showing the Confederate Soldier known as “Old Joe” standing “at ready”. It is inscribed with the words: “Our Confederate Soldiers. The Confederate Patriots. The record of whose fortitude and heroism in the service of their country is the proud heritage of a loyal posterity. Tell ye children of it and let your children tell their children and their children another generation.” The statue was unveiled in the public square on June 7, 1909.

Source Cite as: Old Joe: Hall County, Georgia historical photograph collection, Hall County Library System.

Here is some information above on Old Joe but lets dive in to this controversy. on August 16th, 2017 a group called, “The Northeast Georgia Democratic Socialists of America is organizing the protest, according to a post on the group’s Facebook page. ” this is from an Access North Georgia News website. The date of August 16, 2017 matched the same date of the creation of the Decatur, Georgia protest group. Coincidence? Also notice the group is calling themselves the Democratic Socialists of America. I lived in Hall County for many years in Lula and Oakwood. I have never heard of such a group before. I am reminded of a group in Durham, N.C. that was known as the World Workers party. From ABC11.com “It’s a communist party that was founded in 1959 by a group led by Sam Marcy of the Socialist Workers Party.” I first heard of the socialists party when a mayoral candidate from Atlanta ran as a third party for this group. Bernie Sanders has made the Socialist party more popular. I guess this is more of what you can expect from people who want free education.

From another blog post mentioning an article “Old Joe” statue may not be such a Rebel By Greg Bluestein Associated Press, 10/09/05 , says,” The beloved statue is actually cast from the mold of a Spanish-American War veteran, says Athens architect Garland Reynolds, who made the discovery while researching the city’s memorials. The soldier’s gun may be the biggest giveaway. It’s a model of a Springfield rifle that dates to 1873 — eight years after the Civil War.” the article also mentions,”The Gainesville chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy started to raise money for the statue in 1898 — the same year the United States declared war on Spain after the Battleship Maine was sunk in Havana’s harbor. The women raised $2,500 by selling baked goods and hosting thrift sales. When they finally took the funds to the now-defunct American Bronze Foundry Co. of Chicago, Reynolds said his research has revealed they had to settle for an altered version cast from a mold of the Spanish-American War soldier that included some modest changes, like the CSA on his belt buckle.”. While Athens architect Garland Reynolds, research may be correct it is also very revealing.

A Gainesville Times acticle gives some more history. “In the first decade of the 20th century, the Hall County Board of Commissioners gave the Daughters a 99-year lease for the acre plot downtown. Fundraising for the statue took more than a decade and was led by women of the UDC. Records at The Times list most of them with only their husband’s names: Mrs. C.C. Sanders, Mrs. Will Mealor, Mrs. H.H. Dean, Mrs. Judge Dorsey, Mrs. Howard Thompson, Mrs. A.D. Candler, Mrs. H.J. Pearce, Mrs. A.W. Van Hoose, Mrs. S.C. Dunlap, Mrs. Dave Welchel, Mrs. W.C. Ham, Helen Estes and Nell Murphy.Sanders was a 25-year president of the Longstreet Chapter and is credited with securing the land for Old Joe. A lease lasting almost a century gave the Daughters functional ownership of the lot and ignited a court battle between Hall County and Gainesville about whether the county had the power to give the property over to a third party. Hall County and the UDC won in 1911. Hall still owns the land and the Daughters the statue.

The group’s lease was renewed in 2008 in the run-up to Old Joe’s centennial celebration and lasts until 2033. The lease and state law make it difficult for anyone to legally remove the Confederate statue — as does the ghost of Helen Dortch Longstreet.

Helen Longstreet
                         Helen Dortch Longstreet – photo by Times file

“As long as my heart continues to beat, I will defend the legal and moral right of the Longstreet Chapter U.D.C. to hold the Confederate Monument on the public square of Gainesville under a 99-year lease, dating from date of erection of the Monument,” Helen Longstreet wrote in a 1953 letter to the Gainesville News. But it’s what came next in her letter that matters now. “After I am dead, my released spirit will come back to stand guard beside the heroic figure in Gainesville’s square and say to all coming betrayers of a people’s honor, ‘You shall not pass!’” Longstreet wrote. Who was this woman, who cared so much for Old Joe and the Daughters? She was the second wife of Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, who ruined his reputation in the South after the Civil War by taking up the cause of equal rights for freed slaves.”

I wrote a response to the Gainesville Times about the groups involved with the desire to take down the monument and some of the detractors. From all the evidence I have seen they are all cut from the same jib. They all site the same reasons for the monuments removal and when you ask the question, Where does this stop?, they say you are using a slippery slop fallacy or the straw man argument. The truth is they have no real answer. Its whatever flavor is next. Once demands are made and politicians cave then its anyone game. No matter how ridiculous and how outrageous the idiocy will never stop. Whether you are a sportscaster that has the same name as Robert E. Lee  or an image on a $20 dollar bill, once you give in to these demands you have given up any resolve.   The politicians that cave under this pressure don’t seem to care as they only look at the short term. The police wont convict unless there is a motivation to. Veterans deserve more. The way our country treats its veterans, this all should come at no surprise.










The Decatur Georgia Monument

Well the story has its beginnings last week. An up and coming newspaper called Decaturish shared an awful story on August 18, 2017 about the Decatur monument being smeared in feces. Not many news papers picked up this story but I have seen a  pattern to this story. the story does not begin here but rather early in August when a group of masked people attacked the Peace Monument in Atlanta. This started a chain reaction state wide. Suddenly every city was reviewing its Confederate Monuments like Macon, Columbus, Covington, Dalton, Augusta and Gainesville. They all had the same message that the monuments were all celebrating slavery. they were established during the Jim Crow era and all need to be demolished or moved to a museum.

Understanding that the events of Charlottesville, Virginia is a tragedy and people need to be sensitive to that. The Dylan Roof’s of the world need to be incarcerated and pay the price for their crimes. However tearing down history is not going solve any of that. it will simply create more of the same problems. You can say two wrongs don’t make a right. You can quote Edmund Burke and say, ” Those who don’t learn from history or doomed to repeat it. ” Nonetheless this is the new fad. A new group of petulant children want to remove monuments dedicated for the purpose of honoring veterans.  We know it won’t stop there. Once the demands are met then whatever floats their hearts desire. the Founding Fathers perhaps. Andrew Jackson on a  $20 dollar bill, Button Gwinnett, one of the signers of the Declaration of independence, and at one time owner of 14 slaves. I dread sharing the information about Gwinnett for fear the these thugs who attacked the Peace Monument will show up in Gwinnett demanding something.

Lets focus on the Decatur Monument. I mentioned above the monument had feces smeared on it. I assume it was animal feces. The City of Decatur simply washed off the monument. No charges were filed but I think it was obvious who did it being the same group who posted on a Facebook event page. The article in the Decaurish Paper was not published till August 18th, 2017 but the Facebook posts we published on August 16th, 2017. On the Facebook event post, a member of their group said he wanted to pull down the monument with a pickup truck with straps and chains. I reported this to the Decatur Police Via Facebook but to no avail. Now Lets look at the first photo.


Notice in the photo you see a wet spot on the monument. I do not doubt that the person who took this photo took it not long after the feces was washed off the monument. Also if the city cleaned of the monument a political pin like the one shown would have been washed away or tossed as well. I believe the person taking the picture put the pin there. I also believe the same person reported the poo smearing of the monument to the newspaper used the narrative to announce their petition to remove the monument and announce a meeting to discuss the situation around the monument. All of which was free publicity for the detractors.  A politician once said, let no good crisis go wasted. Especially if you create that crisis yourself.

Atlanta Georgian and news. (Atlanta, Ga.) 1907-1912, April 25, 1908, Image 2      Focusing on the history of the monument. , Here the monument was commemorated on April 25, 1908. Notice the contributions to the monument included 1000 school children. They had over two thousand people contribute to the monument. The monument is a memorial to the heroes of the sixties. No mention of slavery, no celebration of slavery, no mention of Jim Crow. The article did mention the time it took to get this monument. Also it was alluded to the fact the monument was damaged which cause some excitement in Decatur after hearing the loud crash throughout town during its installation. Excitement was high and three of DeKalb’s living veterans took part in the ceremony. I would reveal their names until I realized one of them had a road and a elementary school named for them. but again this is over a century old piece of Decatur’s history.


Pictured above is a post card perhaps in the 1930’s that shows the monument in front of the courthouse. if you travel to Decatur’s square you will see the landscape has greatly changed. A Marta station is nearby. A grassy area park area is shrouded by decorated walls. A gazebo and between city hall and another government annex you will see cafes, a Waffle House and many places where you can get liquid libations. In older times Decatur was a dry county but now you can step out of court or a town hall meeting and fill up the tank with any variety of liquor. The city makes money off alcohol serving permits making sure all employees are at least 19 years of age charging about $65 dollars for the permit. While public drunkenness is considered a crime I cant help but wonder of they allow people to vote in such a condition. The large historic courthouse is still there and houses the Decatur Museum.  It has changed sine I last visited and I mast say I did not get a polite reception when I mentioned the monument.

Continuing with current events on August 21, 2017, the same day as the famed eclipse, I travelled to Decatur. There was to be a public discussion of the monuments and I wanted to speak on behalf of the monument. If there is a testament to how small towns have changed Decatur is it. Be forewarned, to travel in Decatur you have to pay to park near the square. After 6PM however you wont be charge to park in the metered areas.

DISCLAIMER: I make no guarantee about parking in Decatur, traveler beware. Don’t get ticketed assuming anything. Call first and make absolutely sure.

I parked and went to the council meeting early mainly because it was hot and I prefer air conditioning. The city council had a business meeting prior to the public input session one hour later at 7PM. I listed to a presenter talk about possible changes to the city. Discussion of property taxes and occupancy rates. Different councilmen and mayors responded to how other counties were handling things. The presenter seemed convinced that Roswell was the closest model.

What they were discussing was housing and development in the area. I thought to myself, after looking at what I had seen and what I was hearing is that Decatur was becoming a lot like another place I have not visited yet, Atlantic Station. From my understanding, the council was deciding on how to bill newcomers based on the number of occupants or another demographic. I come from a large family myself. At one time we had eight people living in a mobile home together. Today I have at least six people living together and all working to get by. If anyone should be concerned about racism or discrimination this might have been the real meeting to attend. I am not making any accusations here but like Atlantic Station many residents felt disenfranchised. It was felt that Atlanta was pricing out certain poorer folks for perhaps higher paying clientele. People who uses low income housing and trailer trash like myself may not be welcome or can even afford to live here. I digress, history destruction is the flavor of the year so on with the council meeting.

Several people swapped back and forth at the council meeting. A student spoke about the monument removal and he had with him over 2,000 signatures. Another person spoke in favor the monument and he was the students teacher. The person in the epicenter of most of this story spoke next. This person created the Facebook event page. She explained that the meeting did not come to any collusion. They either wanted the monument destroyed or buried. So much for a peaceful resolution. I made it a point to speak directly after this person. I handed in my petition supporting the monument. I had just 833 signatures because I had just 3 days to collect them after hearing of the events surrounding the monument. I was given only 5 minutes to speak. I pointed out about he smearing of feces on the monument and reminded the council folk that when these protestors get angry they might fling poo on you. I mentioned I was part of a veterans organization wanting to protect the monument and would love to open a dialogue with them. After my 5 minutes I left. A reporter wanted to talk with me and I refused. I went on home after a long, drawn out evening.

The Decatur City council had made the same statement they had made to the newspaper before. the monument was owned by DeKalb county and not necessarily by the City of Decatur. that was confusing to say the least. I don’t thing I understand DeKalb very well in as far as their government works. Several commissioners have drawn up south DeKalb but their districts do not include Decatur, Lithonia, Dunwoody and the other like cities in the area. So it was hard to pick who to respond to. Another monument in DeKalb County is of Course the largest Confederate memorial in the State, Stone Mountain. Recently Governor Deal announced he was going to appoint the DeKalb CEO Michael L Thurmond to the Stone Mountain Commission. With several recent attempts to changed Stone Mountain and the threat of a governors candidate Stacey Abrahams to blast the carving off its going to be an uphill battle.

Before I close this post I want to share my petition to save the DeKalb County Monument.


Thank you for your support in this matter.




Cement, Georgia


While thumbing through an 1872 Atlanta City Dire4ctory I found an advertisement for the Lime and Cement Works near Kingston, Georgia. This business and the town the grew around it became known as Cement, Georgia.


I went to the George State Gazetteer also located on Archive. Org with a lot of good stuff found on there. We see that George H. Waring was the post


I do remember seeing this site off Halls Station Road near Kingston. This is on private property. A link below will give you an idea of what the ruins look like.

Ruins of Howard Cement Company Former town of Cement, near Kingston, GA


A small bio is listed on the Etowah Vole Historical Site


I searched for Waring’s Picture. many notes say he was a Colonel. I am not sure what unit he served with. Another article mentioned his son of the same name George H Waring that was born in Cent, Ga in 1870 and went to  college and became a metallurgist working for a gas and coke(mining) company in Michigan.

I will update this page as I find more.


Happening Upon Gum Springs, Georgia


So what about Gum Springs. I found this city thumbing through the Gazetteer of Georgia. Gum Springs is described on the Etowah Valley Historical Society Site as

“Gum Springs is a north Bartow County agricultural community named for its abundance of Sweetgum trees and the natural spring there. From 1879 to 1905, a post office existed in the home of Thomas J. Hendricks. The community section of the August 3, 1905 edition of The Cartersville News states “We have a thriving little village of one store and two dwelling houses”. Gum Springs is in the area of Springplace Road and GA Highway 140. “


The poem below was printed in the Sunny South newspaper, Atlanta reprinted from the Age Herald, New York. Mr. Peck may not have been from Bartow County but the poem seemed appropriate. Sunny South, Feb. 3, 1894 -- page 13.png

I am not sure what Mr. Nichols was referring too but I guess whatever gets you in the newspaper.


I have travelled up Hwy 411 to Flexatile/Funkhouser, Pine Log and into Gordon County and Fairmount. I have never been through the Gum Springs Community. One day perhaps I may take a drive up that way. I have passed this way on the way to Chatsworth and you can cut over to Jasper, Pickens county. I am sure Gums Springs is a pretty place.


Etowah Valley Historical Society, http://evhsonline.org/bartow-history/places/gum-springs Source: Verbal recollections of Frances Linn, granddaughter of Thomas J. Hendricks.

Sunny South, Feb. 3, 1894 — page 13 http://atlnewspapers.galileo.usg.edu/atlnewspapers-j2k/view?

Constitution, May 6, 1884 — page 9








Remember Larry McDonald

Many years ago I growing up I remember the story of a man named Larry McDonald. I was a kid then and politics was never my focus. The only politics I ever encountered growing up was someone spray painted “Stop Iran” on a stop sign below the trailer park where I lived. I also remember a campaign sign with a message below it that said vote for so and so and below it was a small sign that said, “for more roads like this. ” Looking at Kellogg Creek Road then, the sign was a definite political smear. I do however remember the news story of Larry McDonald. I did not know much about him but the news had many stories about the plane being shot down . I cant remember our response to the event but it did cause some concern. My parents where much too focused making a living. I was much to focused on playing outside and cartoons. Some time later I remember seeing a sign like the one below.

105194293 Image from Mapio.Net

“In 1998, the Georgia House of Representatives named the stretch of Interstate Highway 75 that runs from the Chattahoochee River north to the Tennessee state line the Larry McDonald Memorial Highway.”

With all of the construction going on I would not be surprised if they take down his sign. All of the construction with the new Braves Stadium has changed the landscape of the area. Here is a little more on Larry McDonald from Politico.com


On this September 1st, 1983, Rep. Larry McDonald (D-Ga.), along with 268 other passengers and crew members aboard Korean Air Lines Flight 007, was killed when Soviet interceptors shot down the Boeing 747 airliner near Sakhalin Island after it had entered Soviet airspace. McDonald was en route to Seoul to attend a ceremony marking the 30th anniversary of the U.S.-South Korea defense pact. “

The article goes on to say, ” In 1979, McDonald helped found the Western Goals Foundation, with the aim of combating world communism. At the time, he also sponsored a House resolution, originally adopted at an American Legion national convention, calling for a congressional investigation of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. “

So why am I thinking of Larry McDonald. I have been concerned by the way things are shaping up these days. It seems more than just greed has led to the destruction of historic sites through Georgia and the united Sates for that matter. I believe the subtle roots of Communism has produced fruit in our generation. I reread an older book called the Naked Communist and some of the goals they listed. See if some of these sound familiar to you.

  • Develop the illusion that total disarmament [by] the United States would be a demonstration of moral strength.
  • Permit free trade between all nations regardless of Communist [or, today, Islamic] affiliation and regardless of whether or not items could be used for war.
  • Provide American aid to all nations regardless of Communist [or Islamic] domination.
  • Grant recognition of Red China. Admission of Red China to the U.N.
  • Promote the U.N. as the only hope for mankind. If its charter is rewritten, demand that it be set up as a one-world government with its own independent armed forces.
  • Resist any attempt to outlaw the Communist Party.
  • Do away with all loyalty oaths.
  • Capture one or both of the political parties in the United States.
  • Use technical decisions of the courts to weaken basic American institutions by claiming their activities violate civil rights.
  • Get control of the schools. Use them as transmission belts for socialism and current Communist propaganda. Soften the curriculum. Get control of teachers’ associations. Put the party line in textbooks.
  • Infiltrate the press. Get control of book-review assignments, editorial writing, policymaking positions.
  • Gain control of key positions in radio, TV, and motion pictures.
  • Continue discrediting American culture by degrading all forms of artistic expression. (An American Communist cell was told to “eliminate all good sculpture from parks and buildings, substitute shapeless, awkward and meaningless forms.”)
  • Eliminate all laws governing obscenity by calling them “censorship” and a violation of free speech and free press.
  • Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and TV.
  • Present homosexuality, degeneracy and promiscuity as “normal, natural, healthy.”
  • Infiltrate the churches and replace revealed religion with “social” religion. Discredit the Bible and emphasize the need for intellectual maturity which does not need a “religious crutch.”
  • Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principal of “separation of church and state.”
  • Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs, a hindrance to cooperation between nations on a worldwide basis.
  • Discredit the American Founding Fathers. Present them as selfish aristocrats who had no concern for the “common man.”
  • Belittle all forms of American culture and discourage the teaching of American history on the ground that it was only a minor part of the “big picture.”
  • Support any socialist movement to give centralized control over any part of the culture – education, social agencies, welfare programs, mental health clinics, etc.
  • Infiltrate and gain control of more unions.
  • Infiltrate and gain control of big business.
  • Transfer some of the powers of arrest from the police to social agencies. Treat all behavioral problems as psychiatric disorders which no one but psychiatrists can understand [or treat].
  • Dominate the psychiatric profession and use mental health laws as a means of gaining coercive control over those who oppose Communist goals.
  • Discredit the family as an institution. Encourage promiscuity and easy divorce. Emphasize the need to raise children away from the negative influence of parents. Attribute prejudices, mental blocks and retarding of children to suppressive influence of parents.
  • Create the impression that violence and insurrection are legitimate aspects of the American tradition; that students and special-interest groups should rise up and use [“]united force[“] to solve economic, political or social problems.
  • Internationalize the Panama Canal.
  • Repeal the Connally reservation so the United States cannot prevent the World Court from seizing jurisdiction [over domestic problems. Give the World Court jurisdiction] over nations and individuals alike.

I presented this idea in other forums and a lot of millennials scoffed at the idea. They certainly don’t want to think the attacks against Andrew Jackson, Thomas Jefferson and George Washington to be associated with Communism. After all they have a trendier name for it these days. Its called Progressive. Sounds much nicer doesn’t it.

I remember applying to be a voter registrar for Bartow County back in 2001. I remember you had to sign a documents affirming you were not a member of the Communist Party. I thought that was odd. In a recent political election for the city of Atlanta there was actually a candidate for the Socialist party. I would not be surprised about what political parties would be on the rise. With todays nonchalant attitude, these groups are not afraid to come out and announce their intentions.

So if you were concerned about the rise of communism like I am and specifically where it leads to the destruction of historical sites and monuments what do you do? What would Larry McDonald Do? Unfortunately we will never know due to the fact he was shot down over Soviet airspace. I think the answer for me whether its the communist party, an uncaring city council or just politics in general is to take a stand for history and preservation. Even if it means your the lone voice in the wilderness and perhaps if it means you get shot down for your beliefs.


“We Have Become the Communist States of America
http://www.cnsnews.com/commentary/j-matt-barber/By J. Matt Barber | March 31, 2014 | 5:50 PM EDT”

Soviets shoot down airliner carrying Rep. Larry McDonald, Sept. 1, 1983  By Andrew Glass    | 09/01/2009 04:37 AM EDT

Image from Mapio.Net







James O. Cushenbury

What’s so special about James. Let me make a short story much longer when I first discovered James. here is a bio below.

James O Cushenbury, Pvt, Co I, 6th Kentucky Mounted Infantry. Enlisted Dec 19, 1861 at Franklin, Ky. Listed on Jan/Feb Co Muster Roll as “fell into enemy’s hand Murphreesboro Hosp Jan 4, 1863.” March/Apr 1863 “paroled prisoner” May/June 1863 Absent “in General Hospital Miss” Present July/Aug 1863 until Mar/April 1864 listed as Absent “Sick in Hospital Cassville Ga since April 12, 1864.” April/Aug 1864 Co Muster Roll “Died May 12, 1864 in Hosp Cassville Ga”

Now lets look at James through the Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Records.


Interesting document which mentions the soldiers who are furloughed and died in Cassville, Georgia May 12, 1864. The surgeons name  A. J. China is mentioned. ‘

**Alfred James China, matches carded records for Asst Surg A J China serving with AoT Hospitals specifically the Newsom Hospital. He was apt Sept 26, 1862 from MS and served until Feb 15, 1865 when he was relieved from Columbus MS. There is a receipt in his file for Commutation of Quarters from Nov 1 to Nov 30 inclusive, 3 rooms @ $15 each per month and fuel (firewood); pmt received at Cassville Nov 30, 1863. Link to FAG memorial https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=37267070

The important thing to note about the image above is while I don’t know about you, I cant read it. So I used a website called Lunapic I stumbled upon and created a negative that looks like this.


How’s that for improvement. Yeah I know, not much in the way of a clear image but I work with what I got. This is why I get by with a little help from my friends who helped me produce a better image.


Much better. I believe this is a more sophisticated Photoshop image. I have to settle for what Windows and Microsoft Office has to offer. You can see the names much more clearly now. But even zooming in its still difficult because although these are medical records they are not as accurate. The doctors are relying on the soldier to give them information and the name spelling can be an issue.

On some of the records when they speak of soldiers who deserted, furloughed, released or died they use the term “disposed of”. This was a cruel term I thought for soldiers who died but consider the hospital treated patients much like a debit account.  I mentioned in a previous post the Kingston hospital started with 100 beds and in less than a month was filled to capacity. So moving, treating and sending soldiers on their way was the goal. So while the soldiers names are a credit to us the hospital could not look at it that way. Surgeon Miles Nash was in charge of the Cassville hospital and started with a budget of $1,000 dollars and to run a tight ship managing money was difficult with soldiers pouring in especially after Chickamauga in September of 1863.

But we were talking about Mr. Cushenbury. We don’t have a lot of specifics about him other than he died at Cassville. This is where having a Fold 3 Account is very handy but there were a lot of records about him because in a sense he was unique.


History of the First Kentucky Brigade By Edwin Porter Thompson

Above we se his name spelled this way. Clearly he fought in many battles. But what makes him stick out more than others.  it seems he was recommended for a medal of honor.


CUSHENBERRY, James “Os” Pvt. Co. I, 6th Ky. Inf. Simpson Co. Murfreesboro

From the Website:” Although the Confederate Government wished to devise a medal for valor, similar to the United States’ Medal of Honor, they were never able to issue a general medal for bravery and good conduct. In lieu of such an award, the Confederate Congress instituted a “Roll of Honor.” This roll was to list the names of soldiers from each company who were singled out for valor or good conduct displayed during victorious battles. The names were to be selected by vote of the company members. A company could also decline to choose a name, and the honor could be awarded posthumously. The completed Roll was to be published and read in each regiment. (See the bottom of this page for the complete wording of the General Orders establishing the Roll of Honor, along with listings of the Kentucky unit awardees by battle and regiment.) 

   The Army of Tennessee selected names for two battles: Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. The following lists are those Kentucky soldiers who were named to the Roll of Honor for these battles (although the 5th Kentucky Infantry later served in the Orphan Brigade, they were not with the Brigade at Chickamauga). Although the Roll is mentioned in General Orders of August 1864, very few selections were made in that year, and none of these were in the Army of Tennessee. ( * denotes posthumous award)”

CONFEDERATE ROLL OF HONOR – KENTUCKY SOLDIERS  compiled by Geoffrey R. Walden http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~orphanhm/rollofhonor.htm

So to make the long story short James of Cushenberry was a medal of honor winner and is located in our little Cassville Cemetery. he is listyed among the unknowns but hopefully when we acquire more names of the soldiers who died we can come close to getting a historical plaque recognizing the soldier who died in area hoptials and who may be buried there.

Laura Elliot shared with me some more details

James Cushenbury, born Circa 1837
James Cushenbury was born circa 1837, at birth place, Kentucky, to Wm Cushenbury and Polly Cushenbury.
James had 8 siblings: Elijah Cushenbury, William Cushenbury and 6 other siblings.
James lived in 1860, at address, Kentucky.

Link to census record:

He was 23 yo in 1860 so 27 when he died

Link to father’s FAG William D Cushenberry https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24635439

Link to mother’s FAG Mary Cushenberry https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24635440 (as you know “Polly” was a common nickname for women named Mary)

Both buried in Logan County KY which adjoins Simpson County where Franklin KY is located


Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Records, Briscoe History Center University of Austin Austin, Texas Image 1601

History of the First Kentucky Brigade By Edwin Porter Thompsonhttps://books.google.com/books?id=USkOAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

CONFEDERATE ROLL OF HONOR – KENTUCKY SOLDIERS  compiled by Geoffrey R. Walden http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~orphanhm/rollofhonor.htm

Laura Elliott Rainbow City, AL 35906. I need to give a lot of credit to Laura because she helped me transcribe and find a lot of this information.


Kingston, Georgia Hospitals

Sorry I have not logged on in a while. I have been working on some exciting records from the Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Collection. Bradley Quinlin, fellow historian, has discovered some great records located at the Briscoe History Center in Austin, Texas. He has managed to retrieve all of the Georgia Records and a lot of other states as well. Its been exciting to go through these records and finding letter like this one.

Kingston July 14, 1863
Surgeon S H Stout
Med Director of Hospitals
I have had turned over to me, at this place, the Hospital and its fixtures. An official report, with invoices etc. giving you a detailed statement of every thing connected with it, will be furnished, as soon as the papers can be made out.
The buildings here are badly suited for Hospital purposes. I find one hundred beds & furniture in good order, but owing to the Compacted condition of the houses, patients, to its full capacity, could not be safely placed in this Hospital. I have Commenced making some changes to improve ventilation, but these must necessarily be quite limited. Fifty patients might be safely treated – more in the present buildings, would, in my judgement, suffer. I find all the houses in the town occupied except the Churches. I doubt the policy of disturbing the Citizens unless the necessity should be urgent. I know of no private residences here, suited for Hospital purposes the Hotels, have small rooms, quite out of order, and badly ventilated. – The Churches are small but would make good Hospitals.
If it should be determined to establish Hospitals here, I would suggest the fine spring one mile from town. This place, I think a desirable one. Suited to tents or the more permanent arrangement of Houses. I suggest the former, for the present, at least, I know of no place better suited for tent Hospitals.
Should you conclude to send me fifty _(?)_ tents, it will be necessary to send nurses with them, as there are only two here, and one cook. The two nurses, include the steward. The other is a hired servant. The cook is also hired. An astute Surgeon will be required. There are no surgical instruments here. Cooking and table furniture, I think too limited for even fifty permanent patients.
Col. Garland has not, as yet, received orders. Has no Quarter Master. A Commissary has reported, but has no supplies on hand. I hope everything will be arranged this week. After which time, I will be finally prepared to receive the sick.
If you should determine on tents I can easily use the beds here one hundred in number. It will afford me much pleasure at all times to Co-operate with you, in what our Course may be determined on. I will make no requisitions, until I learn more definitely, what may be the required.
B W Avent
Surgeon in charge

No sick on hand here. Surgeon Mattingly will make his morning report to Rome until all of the papers are __(?)_ over


General Benjamin Ward Avent, Sr
Confederate General, Surgeon-General of the Army of Tennessee and Medical Doctor
Photo courtesy of www.aventfamily.org

Avent in the letter above, points out the sanitary conditions of the buildings in Kingston. I think if you look at the advice of Stout that having open air tents to allow air flow was more sanitary. not meaning the buildings were dirty just not enough airflow for sick soldiers. In the letter is also mentioned 100 beds available starting out. if you look at the records in less than a month this hospital was filled to capacity. There were two hospitals mentioned in which is first the Kingston hospital and note’s mentioned this was the Ways Side hospital. The second Hospital was called the Erwin hospital and I believe this was the tent hospital Avent mentioned. This was located a mile form Kingston near a spring. one can only speculate exactly where it was.
There were several surgeons listed here. D S Hopping, George Willis McDade and several others. These same doctors would travel to Atlanta from Kingston to stay in front of the encroaching Union army. Its important to not there was a Camp Kingston in Atlanta with some of the same doctors but most of the reports indicate if the hospital was in Kingston or in Atlanta.
But just to mention these records are very exciting and addicting to go through. Some of the records are illegible but I have been having some success with an online software called Lunapic. There is several software applications and I am not selling software. These records may involve a second trip to Texas to enhance these records. Nonetheless the challenge is fun and exciting.
From the Medical Officers of the Army of Tennessee section of
“Southern Historical Papers -Volume XXII”
Note: Great reference by the way. All of the surgeons names are here.
Box 2G394 Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Records.

Dr Benjamin Ward Avent, Sr