James O. Cushenbury

What’s so special about James. Let me make a short story much longer when I first discovered James. here is a bio below.

James O Cushenbury, Pvt, Co I, 6th Kentucky Mounted Infantry. Enlisted Dec 19, 1861 at Franklin, Ky. Listed on Jan/Feb Co Muster Roll as “fell into enemy’s hand Murphreesboro Hosp Jan 4, 1863.” March/Apr 1863 “paroled prisoner” May/June 1863 Absent “in General Hospital Miss” Present July/Aug 1863 until Mar/April 1864 listed as Absent “Sick in Hospital Cassville Ga since April 12, 1864.” April/Aug 1864 Co Muster Roll “Died May 12, 1864 in Hosp Cassville Ga”

Now lets look at James through the Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Records.


Interesting document which mentions the soldiers who are furloughed and died in Cassville, Georgia May 12, 1864. The surgeons name  A. J. China is mentioned. ‘

**Alfred James China, matches carded records for Asst Surg A J China serving with AoT Hospitals specifically the Newsom Hospital. He was apt Sept 26, 1862 from MS and served until Feb 15, 1865 when he was relieved from Columbus MS. There is a receipt in his file for Commutation of Quarters from Nov 1 to Nov 30 inclusive, 3 rooms @ $15 each per month and fuel (firewood); pmt received at Cassville Nov 30, 1863. Link to FAG memorial https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=37267070

The important thing to note about the image above is while I don’t know about you, I cant read it. So I used a website called Lunapic I stumbled upon and created a negative that looks like this.


How’s that for improvement. Yeah I know, not much in the way of a clear image but I work with what I got. This is why I get by with a little help from my friends who helped me produce a better image.


Much better. I believe this is a more sophisticated Photoshop image. I have to settle for what Windows and Microsoft Office has to offer. You can see the names much more clearly now. But even zooming in its still difficult because although these are medical records they are not as accurate. The doctors are relying on the soldier to give them information and the name spelling can be an issue.

On some of the records when they speak of soldiers who deserted, furloughed, released or died they use the term “disposed of”. This was a cruel term I thought for soldiers who died but consider the hospital treated patients much like a debit account.  I mentioned in a previous post the Kingston hospital started with 100 beds and in less than a month was filled to capacity. So moving, treating and sending soldiers on their way was the goal. So while the soldiers names are a credit to us the hospital could not look at it that way. Surgeon Miles Nash was in charge of the Cassville hospital and started with a budget of $1,000 dollars and to run a tight ship managing money was difficult with soldiers pouring in especially after Chickamauga in September of 1863.

But we were talking about Mr. Cushenbury. We don’t have a lot of specifics about him other than he died at Cassville. This is where having a Fold 3 Account is very handy but there were a lot of records about him because in a sense he was unique.


History of the First Kentucky Brigade By Edwin Porter Thompson

Above we se his name spelled this way. Clearly he fought in many battles. But what makes him stick out more than others.  it seems he was recommended for a medal of honor.


CUSHENBERRY, James “Os” Pvt. Co. I, 6th Ky. Inf. Simpson Co. Murfreesboro

From the Website:” Although the Confederate Government wished to devise a medal for valor, similar to the United States’ Medal of Honor, they were never able to issue a general medal for bravery and good conduct. In lieu of such an award, the Confederate Congress instituted a “Roll of Honor.” This roll was to list the names of soldiers from each company who were singled out for valor or good conduct displayed during victorious battles. The names were to be selected by vote of the company members. A company could also decline to choose a name, and the honor could be awarded posthumously. The completed Roll was to be published and read in each regiment. (See the bottom of this page for the complete wording of the General Orders establishing the Roll of Honor, along with listings of the Kentucky unit awardees by battle and regiment.) 

   The Army of Tennessee selected names for two battles: Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. The following lists are those Kentucky soldiers who were named to the Roll of Honor for these battles (although the 5th Kentucky Infantry later served in the Orphan Brigade, they were not with the Brigade at Chickamauga). Although the Roll is mentioned in General Orders of August 1864, very few selections were made in that year, and none of these were in the Army of Tennessee. ( * denotes posthumous award)”

CONFEDERATE ROLL OF HONOR – KENTUCKY SOLDIERS  compiled by Geoffrey R. Walden http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~orphanhm/rollofhonor.htm

So to make the long story short James of Cushenberry was a medal of honor winner and is located in our little Cassville Cemetery. he is listyed among the unknowns but hopefully when we acquire more names of the soldiers who died we can come close to getting a historical plaque recognizing the soldier who died in area hoptials and who may be buried there.

Laura Elliot shared with me some more details

James Cushenbury, born Circa 1837
James Cushenbury was born circa 1837, at birth place, Kentucky, to Wm Cushenbury and Polly Cushenbury.
James had 8 siblings: Elijah Cushenbury, William Cushenbury and 6 other siblings.
James lived in 1860, at address, Kentucky.

Link to census record:

He was 23 yo in 1860 so 27 when he died

Link to father’s FAG William D Cushenberry https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24635439

Link to mother’s FAG Mary Cushenberry https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24635440 (as you know “Polly” was a common nickname for women named Mary)

Both buried in Logan County KY which adjoins Simpson County where Franklin KY is located


Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Records, Briscoe History Center University of Austin Austin, Texas Image 1601

History of the First Kentucky Brigade By Edwin Porter Thompsonhttps://books.google.com/books?id=USkOAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

CONFEDERATE ROLL OF HONOR – KENTUCKY SOLDIERS  compiled by Geoffrey R. Walden http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~orphanhm/rollofhonor.htm

Laura Elliott Rainbow City, AL 35906. I need to give a lot of credit to Laura because she helped me transcribe and find a lot of this information.



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